Stockholm Syndrome is a feeling of trust
or affection felt in many cases of kidnapping or hostage-taking by a victim
towards a captor.
Why the Name?
- The name Stockholm Syndrome was derived from a 1973 bank robbery in Stockholm, Sweden, where four hostages were held for six days.
- Throughout their imprisonment and while in harm's way, each hostage seemed to defend the actions of the robbers and even appeared to rebuke efforts by the government to rescue them.
- Months after their ordeal had ended, the hostages continued to exhibit loyalty to their captors to the point of refusing to testify against them, as well as helping the criminals raise funds for legal representation.
What Causes Stockholm Syndrome?
Individuals can apparently succumb to Stockholm Syndrome under the following circumstances:
- Believing one's captor can and will kill them.
- Isolation from anyone but the captors.
- Belief that escape is impossible.
- Inflating the captor's acts of kindness into genuine care for each other's welfare.